Anthropology 100    
Dr. Judkins
Spring 2015
CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY


    This course is an introduction to cultural anthropology, which is the study of the variety of shared "ways of life" of the living and recent peoples of the world.  An overview of the development and the practice of cultural anthropology is the body of the semester's work, with a special orientation to acquiring ethnographic skills - learning the content and the logic of specific cultural systems from around the world, as well as learning how to learn that which is essential in any cultural system.  The teaching method is lecture, with ethnographic readings and videos.  Careful note-taking and study of reading assignments is essential for success in the course.

GRADING:

Required paper, three tests, plus Final Exam, each = 20% of Grade
No extra work permitted; official, written excuse required for make-up exams
Required paper: five pages outside class; topic assigned after mid-semester; due at Final Exam.

TEXTS:

Mangione. Mount Allegro: A Memoir of Italian American Life. New York Classics Series.
        Syracuse University Press
Turnbull.  The Forest People. Simon & Schuster
Simmons. Sun Chief: The Autobiography of a Hopi Indian. Yale University Press

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

- The study of the ways of life of the living peoples of the world, AND an overview of the development and practice of Cultural Anthropology.

LEARNING OUTCOMES:

- Student mastery of the data of the field, particularly in regard to learning about the ways of life of the living peoples of the world, will be tested in examinations and on the required terms paper, and confirmed in a Final Examination.
- Student proficiency re. the development of Cultural Anthropology is demonstrated on exams.
- Students acquisition of knowledge of the practice of the field of Cultural Anthropology will be demonstrated both on examinations and by means of a five page term paper.

OFFICE:
Office: Bailey 149    Hours: T/Th: 12:45-2:30    Wed: 11:00-12:30 (by appointment only)
Phone: 245-5433    e-mail: judkins@geneseo.edu


FINAL EXAM DATE & TIME: Monday, May 11 from 8:00-11:00 am
               CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY - COURSE  PROGRAM


INTRODUCTORY PERSPECTIVES & ORIENTATION  [Week 1]
                                        (Jan 20 & 22)
        - Review of syllabus: teaching methods/study methods for course
        - Introduction to the texts and their authors
        - Introduction of TA’s and their roles in the course
        - Introduction to ethnography, what & why: the key to cultural anthropology
        - Video: “The Return of Navajo Boy” (52 min) – what does anthropology study?



SECTION 1 - FUNDAMENTALS & CONCEPT OF ETHNOGRAPHY  [Weeks 2-4]

        Text: Mangione, Mount Allegro: A Memoir of Italian American Life  
            
        Key concepts: concept of culture (cf. phrasing of Ashley Montagu)
                      culture vs. society/culture and adaptation
                    ethnography/holism/fieldwork/objectivity/cultural relativism
                culture shock/ethnocentrism/emic/etic/diachronic/synchronic
                ethos/world-view


        Introduction to Anthropology                      (Week 2: Jan 27 & 29)
            Major contributions of each of the Four Fields                           
            Ethnography and field-work: objectivity, observation, comparison
            Fieldwork: goals & standards/ethos & accomplishments
Reading Mount Allegro as ethnography
            Application of “key concepts” to assigned reading in Mount Allegro

        Video: Robert Flaherty, “Nanook of the North” (1922)


        Anthropology: history & development                    (Weeks 3 - 5: Feb 3-19)
            Anthropological thought: unique origins --> present ubiquity
            Morgan; Tylor; Frazer; Durkheim;
            Radcliffe-Brown; Malinowski; Boas
            [Kroeber; Benedict; Evans-Pritchard; Turner; Levi-Strauss; Geertz]


                                            
Test #1: Thursday, Feb 19

        
SECTION 2 - SUBSISTENCE TYPES: HUNTING-GATHERING BANDS   [Weeks 6-8]
                

    Text: Turnbull, The Forest People  (all)
             - “Subsistence Types” handout (memorize + apply to this to all the other case
    study ethnographies we use for the rest of semester)

    Videos: “The Pygmies” + “The Hunters” or “Desert People”
        - Goal #1: visual images of cultural/hunting-gathering activities of the Mbuti
            - Goal #2: correlation of film notes with ethnographic description in text

        Key concept: subsistence strategies, levels & organizational correlates
                hunting-gathering, band-level organization, and “mobility”                  



        Universal subsistence strategies/political correlates    (Week 6: Feb 24 & 26)

            Hunting-Gathering Bands: adaptive efficacy of “generalization”
                temporal duration: ca. 40,000 years plus
                adaptive costs vs. benefits of the hunting-gathering model
evolutionary definitions of “success:” maintenance, expansion of territory
        functional roles of demography, nuclear households, age and gender distinctions (“division of labor,” plus generalized hunter-gatherer model, re. evolutionary and temporal success of H. sapiens


        Mbuti as hunters-gatherers                         (Weeks 7 & 8: Mar 3-12)
            Mbuti culture - Mbuti society
            Ethnography of the BaMbuti    
            Ethnography and the ethnographer: rules, limits and insights
molimo: social solidarity, collective experience, world view, core rituals
    key symbols: layers of meaning, significance and reference


    


Test #2: Thurs, March 12
SECTION 3 - HORTICULTURALIST/AGRICULTURALIST TRIBES   [Weeks 9-12]

    Reading: Simmons, Sun Chief, pp. 1 - 298, Appendix B        
Videos: “Hopi: Songs of the Fourth World” + “Seasons of the Navajo”


Key concepts: “Culture Areas” (Otis T. Mason -> A.L. Kroeber) & the Southwest as a culture area
                Horticulture and social organization
                Kinship studies in anthropology:
                    descent systems (clans/lineages/UDG)
                    cognatic systems (bilaterality)
                    social corporation
                    pedigree charts/lineage diagrams: logic and kinship

        Culture Area Concept - case study: American SW         (Week 9: March 24 & 26)
                 Language, culture and ethnicity
                 Prehistory, including Mesoamerican influences and interactions
                 Landscape and adaptation, patterns of change in the Southwest
                 Settlement patterns, economics, architecture
                 Subsistence patterns: kinship and religion
                 Major SW culture patterns: Pueblo, valley farming, hunter-gatherer
                 Convergence toward “Southwestern culture core”

        Kinship: Descent/Cognatic                       (Weeks 10-12: Mar 31-Apr 16)
                 Video: “Hopi: Songs of the Fourth World”
                 Introduction to Hopi geography, ecology & ethnography
                 Subsistence systems and adaptive perspectives
                 Video: “Seasons of the Navajo” (cultural range and adaptation in SW)
                 Descent: lineage, clan, social corporation, “stasis,” group-focus
                 Cognatic systems: kindred, “mobility,” individual-focus
                 Family, marriage, and household
                    Cousin terminology systems




Test #3: THURSDAY, APR 16

(Topic assignment for required papers)
SECTION 4 – RELIGIOUS SYSTEMS & PERSONALITY & CULTURE  [Weeks 13-15]

                                      
    Videos: “Trance and Dance in Bali” (Indonesia) + “Three Worlds of Bali”

        Key concepts: rites of passage/sacred and profane/rituals of reversal
                    Cultural systems of modification and maintenance of meaning
                Systems Theory & self-regulating systems, thermostatic controls
                process vs. structure: culture as adaptation revisited/change
                culture-bound syndromes



        Classical Myth, ritual and symbol analysis           (Week 13: Apr 23 & 28)
            - Arnold van Gennep: rites of passage
            - Emile Durkheim: sacred & profane           
            - Marcel Mauss: prestation: exchange and reciprocity
- Functionalism and SES (Socio-Ecological Systems) analysis


        Complex Societies: Bali 1                      (Week 14: Apr 30)
            - SE Asia/Indonesia/Bali: Jane Belo and “The Balinese Temper”
            - Video: Bateson & Mead, “Trance and Dance in Bali”
- Rituals of Reversal: renewal/re-set, maintenance mechanisms



        Complex Societies: Bali 2                           (Week 15: May 5)
                      - J. Stephen Lansing & SES
                      - Video: “Three Worlds of Bali”


    

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FINAL EXAM: Monday, May 11 from 8-11 am


Papers DUE at the start of the Final Exam; those received more than ten minutes after the Exam period begins will be Late and penalized at least one full letter grade.