Instructor: Dr. Paul J. Pacheco
Office: 13 D Sturges Hall Phone: #245-5275
Office Hours: T 10 A.M. - 2:00 P.M. or by appointment
e-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this course we will examine how archaeologists generate and interpret knowledge about the human past based on data recovered from the archaeological record. To achieve this objective we will explore the fundamental methods and theories of archaeology including the role of science in understanding the past, the formation of the archaeological record, the measurement of variability in archaeological time, space, and form, the reconstruction of past social organization, and the understanding of prehistoric ideology.
(1) Students will demonstrate knowledge and understanding of archaeological methods and theories for reconstructing past cultures, including their history, religious ideology, political organizations, and social structures through class discussion and through the writing of three essay/objective exams.
(2) Students will demonstrate comprehension of what constitutes empirically based archaeology from archaeological myth through participation in a team research project concerning an assigned aspect of a famous archaeological fraud, myth or mystery. This project will promote group cooperation, problem solving, and computer skills. The product of this research is an oral PowerPoint presentation and an individualized essay final.
(3) Students will encounter important moral and ethical issues in the study of human prehistory through the exploration of an important case study involving the collecting of archaeological materials from North American sites and the repatriation of Native American burial and grave goods. Students will demonstrate their understanding of these moral and ethical issues through essay questions on the exams.
(4) Students will demonstrate their ability to understand human behavior as represented by material remains in the archaeological record by evaluating the knowledge obtained from an original archaeological research project in writing on the first exam and by mapping and recording an imaginary site.
1998 Life in the Pueblo: Understanding the Past Through Archaeology. Waveland Press, Inc. ISBN #0-88133-964-4
Sutton, Mark Q.
2012 Archaeology: The Science of the Human Past (Fourth Edition). Pearson/Allyn and Bacon ISBN #978-020588179-6
All other listed readings will be made available through the mycourses.geneseo.edu webpage as pdf files. Please login to the mycourses website using your e-mail id and password.
There will be two exams in this course. Exam 1 is an essay exams while Exam 2 has a significant objective element, in addition to essays. Exams will emphasize your conceptual grasp of the course material and your ability to clearly express your understanding in writing. Reading assignments are meant to reinforce and compliment the class lectures, images, and discussions and in no way replace them. As a rule, there will be no make-up exams except in extenuating and pre-arranged circumstances. All late assignments are penalized 5% per day (cumulative to 25% per academic week). You do not need permission, or excuses, to be late with your work, but all late assignments are subject to the penalty for whatever reason. Please note that you cannot be late with your presentation. The presentation must occur at the date and time you have been assigned.
Grades and Important Dates
Exam 1 100 points February
Exam 2 150 points April
Individual Presentation Score 100 points as assigned
Team Presentation Score 50 points as assigned
Classification & Relative Dating Problem 30 points as assigned
Subsistence Exercise 30 points as assigned
Participation 40 points in class
Grades will be assigned on a percentage basis out of 500 possible points as follows:
A = 93% + B = 86.99 – 83 % C = 76.99 – 73% E = 57.99 –0 %
A- = 90 - 92.99% B- = 82.99 – 80 % C - = 72.99 – 68 %
B+ = 89.99 – 87% C+ = 79.99 – 77% D = 67.99 – 58 %
Team Project: Presentation
On the third day of class we will pick teams of two students that will have the task of researching an assigned aspect of a famous archaeological fraud, myth, or mystery. The findings of your research will be presented as a PowerPoint presentation on the day shown on the class schedule.
You will be graded individually on the content, clarity, and style of your portion of the oral presentation, plus the depth and details of your research, and scholarly use of sources to express your findings. You will be graded as a team based on the overall style and flow of the PowerPoint and the degree to which it is well integrated and coordinated. The overall intent of grading the project in this way is to minimize the problem of having a partner who contributes significantly less to the project affecting your grade. Team members who contribute unequally will be clearly exposed by this method …
In the presentation you should clearly detail the aspect of the archaeological myth, fraud, or mystery which you have been assigned and then evaluate the objective reasons concerning its status as archaeological knowledge. Each team will be given 25 minutes for their presentation; 20 minutes for the PowerPoint, split evenly between the two team members at 10 minutes each, and 5 minutes for questions. Time limits will be strictly enforced (i.e. you will be stopped if you go over, even if you are not done) and it will be considered in your grade (i.e. a well organized and well timed presentation is expected – practice and time your presentation in advance).
Your research for the project is to be documented in a detailed integrated bibliography that is placed at the end of the PowerPoint presentation. This bibliography should document the sources each of you consulted and used during the research, including those from which you used images. Use in text citation for the presentation that ties into the bibliography and please note that all scanned or copied images that you display during the presentation must have proper credit. Proper credit includes at least a shorthand bibliographic reference on the slide on which they appear that links to the complete reference in your bibliography.
The PowerPoint is due by 4:00 P.M. the school day before the presentation or you will each lose 10 points off your score (i.e. a Wednesday presentation is due on Tuesday, a Monday presentation is due on Friday.). Presentations must occur on the day they are assigned. There is no flexibility in the schedule to change them once they are set. You can send me your presentation by e-mail if it is not too big, give it to me on a thumb drive, or use my Inbox (located on all school networked computers under \\files\Inbox\Anth\Pacheco).
Plagiarism should be carefully avoided during this project. Students are urged to read the policies on Academic Honesty at:
As the policy notes, “Any one
of the following constitutes evidence of plagiarism:
• direct quotation without identifying punctuation and citation of source;
• paraphrase of expression or thought without proper attribution;
• unacknowledged dependence upon a source in plan, organization, or argument.”
SUNY Geneseo will make reasonable accommodations for persons with documented physical, emotional or learning disabilities. Students should contact the Director in the Office of Disability Services (Tabitha Buggie-Hunt, 105D Erwin) and their faculty to discuss needed accommodations as early as possible in the semester.
One 1/23 Introduction- What is Archaeology? S Ch 1
Two 1/28 Goals of Archaeology S Ch 2
1/30 Team & Research Topic Assignments Feder Ch 2 pdf
Three 2/4 Science & The Development of Archaeology S Ch 3
2/6 Lizard Man Village K Ch 1-4
Four 2/11 “ “ K Ch 5-8
2/13 “ “ K Ch 9-11
Five 2/18 Exam 1 -
2/20 Archaeological Record S Ch 4; Dancey pdf
Six 2/25 Acquiring Archaeological Data S Ch 5
2/27 “ “ American Arch. pdf
Seven 3/4 Classification & Measuring Time - Relatively S Ch 6; Ch 7 pp.151-160
3/6 Measuring Time - Absolutely S Ch 7 pp. 160-176
Eight 3/11 Bio-Archaeology S Ch 8
3/13 “ “ -
Nine 3/18-3/22 No Classes - Spring Break
Ten 3/25 Environment, Settlement & Subsistence S Ch 9 & 10
3/27 Interpreting Past Cultural Systems S Ch 11&12
Eleven 4/1 Who Owns the Past? S Ch 13&14
4/3 “ “ Preston pdf; Kelly pdf;
NAGPRA law pdf
Twelve 4/8 Exam 2
4/10 Overview: Frauds, Myths and Mysteries Feder Ch. 1 pdf
Thirteen 4/15 Teams 1-3 Presentations -
4/17 Teams 4-6 Presentations -
Fourteen 4/22 Teams 7-9 Presentations -
4/24 Teams 10-12 Presentations -
Fifteen 4/29 Teams 13-15 Presentations -
5/1 Teams 16-18 Presentations -
Sixteen 5/6 Teams 19-21 Presentations -
5/10 Teams 21+ Presentations -