S/M Anth 207 Prehistoric Cultures of North America
SUNY Geneseo
Spring 2016

 SUNY College at Geneseo
 Instructor:  Paul J. Pacheco  Office: 152A Bailey Hall
 Ofifice Phone: 245-5275
 Office Hours:  Tues 9-1; or by appointment
 email address:  pacheco@geneseo.edu

                   

            Description and Objectives:

 

                         In this course we will examine detailed examples of the rich diversity of social structures, political organizations, ecological adaptations, and religious-ideological systems created by the prehistoric cultures of North America.  We will look in depth at the following topics: Paleoindian migrations into the New World and the environmental impact of this migration, the origins and spread of food-producing Puebloan societies in the Southwest, the origins and spread of food-producing & mound-building societies in the Eastern Woodlands, the dominance of Late Prehistoric Mississippian chiefdom-level societies, and the migration of Iroquoian peoples. Students will read selected examples of primary literature concerning these topics and will engage in class discussions about these readings.  Students will also write a series of essays called position papers, which will reinforce class topics and promote critical reading, thinking, and writing skills.

 

            Learning Outcomes:

 

(1)           Students will demonstrate their knowledge of North American cultural diversity, including variation in the cultures, religions, political organizations, social structures, and environmental adaptations through class discussion of assigned readings and lecture topics, their position papers, and a final quiz.

(2)           Students will demonstrate their comprehension of key events and issues during the historical interaction of Native cultures with their displacers by writing an outside of class essay on the Skull Wars book.

 

(3)           Students will demonstrate their ability to communicate their comprehension of important issues in North American prehistory by presenting their findings through the writing of position papers based on critical reading and thinking about the assigned course reading.

 

            Social Science Core:

                        In addition to fulfilling your multi-cultural graduation requirement, this course also fulfills one course in the social science general education requirements. The guidelines for social science core courses stress the development of the following characteristics of a responsible member of society:

            (1)       an acquaintance with major empirical, analytical, or theoretical approaches to  human behavior, institutions or culture;

            (2)       an acquaintance with social, economic, political, or moral alternatives;

            (3)       an acquaintance with major problems, issues, institutions, practices or trends in  the social world;

            (4)       a capacity to express ideas clearly, coherently and grammatically in written form as one component of the evaluation process. This written work must total at least 1500 words, at least half of which must be prepared outside of class.

 

            Required Texts:

 

                        Thomas, David H.   2000  Skull Wars: Kennewick Man, Archaeology, and the  Battle for Native American Identity.  Basic Books (a member of the Perseus Book  Group)  ISBN# 0-465-09225-x

 

            All other listed readings will be made available through the myCourses webpage as pdf files. 

 

            Course requirements, Grading Procedures, and Important Dates:

 

                         Skull Wars Essay               75 points                  Feb. 1st

                         Participation                       50 points                  In class

                         Three Position Papers     100 points each          Variable depending on choice of topic

                          Final Quiz                          75 points                  May 11th , 8:00-10:30 A.M.

                             

                        Grades will be assigned on a percentage basis out of 500 possible as follows:

 

                        A  = 100 - 93%                                   C+ = 79.99 - 77%

                        A- = 92.99% - 90%                             C   =  76.99 - 73%

                        B+ = 89.99 - 87%                               C - = 72.99 - 67%

                        B   = 86.99 - 83 %                              D =   66.99 - 57 %

                        B-  = 82.99 - 80 %                              E =   56.99 - 0 %

           

                                    There will be no exams in this course other than the one cumulative quiz, which will be taken on the day of the final.  There will be four outside of class written    assignments; an essay on the Skull Wars book, and three position papers.  All written assignments will emphasize your conceptual grasp of the course material based on your            critical reading and thinking about class topics and your ability to clearly express yourself in writing.  Reading assignments are meant to provide the primary literature for your position papers, while the class lectures and images provide general background/ contextual knowledge, plus fodder for class discussions. All late assignments will be penalized 5% per day, cumulative to 25% per week.  You do not need permission, or  excuses, to be late with your work, but all late assignments are subject to the penalty regardless of the reason. 

 

            Skull Wars Essay:

            Archaeologist Brian Fagan once wrote that “if we are ignorant of the past, someone will rewrite it for us.”  Reflect and comment on this statement in relation toissues discussed in Skull Wars Chapters 1-17.  How has the history of interaction between Native American people and their displacers (i.e. primarily people of European descent)  shaped the way we approach and think of Native American prehistory?  Creative responses are acceptable and encouraged.

 

            Your paper is required to be 1000 +/- 50 words long; no exceptions.  In addition to the hard copy turned in the day the essay is due, February 1st, an electronic version of    your paper using Microsoft Word should be dropped into the appropriate ANTH 207  myCourses.geneseo.edu Drop Box located under the Course Materials tab by the start of  class on the day the paper is due.  Use your last name as the file name for the electronic  version of the paper (i.e. adams.doc or manson.docx).  Failure to comply with the word count limits or to drop your essay into the myCourses page results in a 10 point deduction from your essay grade each.  Submitted electronic files will be checked for compliance  with the word count limit.  Use normal margins and double-spacing.  Please do not use a   font size smaller than 10 point. 

 

The hard copy of your reaction paper must be stapled to a cover sheet that includes your  name, and the title of your essay.  Do not place your name, or the paper title, anywhere

but on the cover sheet.  Please include page numbers, but do not number the cover page or citations page (if you include one).  Your paper will be graded on the following five   components: format (as outlined above), structure (includes sentence construction and  organization), grammar (includes spelling errors and typos), clarity (are your ideas expressed clearly?), and content (are your comments perceptive, have you explored   ignificant issues.   A bibliography is not necessary if you only refer to sections of the Skull Wars text, however, you should fully credit Thomas when you are quoting or paraphrasing him (i.e. something like Thomas 2000:34).  Likewise, if you reference any  other sources, you should include a bibliography.  Any style of referencing is acceptable as long as citations are complete.

 

            Position Papers:

 

                        You are required to write three position papers in this course.  Which papers you write will be your choice.  There will be two issues/questions for each of the first three main topics we cover in class and one each for the last two topics, which are shorter, meaning you will be able to choose from 3 of the 8 options available. All of the options for position papers will be placed in a folder under the Course Materials tab labeled Position Paper Options.  Different due dates will be associated with the different options.   You will be using the reading sources assigned in class as your primary sources, but you are also required to add a minimum of 3 additional sources beyond those we read in class.   These additional sources can come from either your own research or from a folder marked supplemental readings which will be placed within the folder for position paper options under the Course Materials tab. For each main topics of the class, you may only choose one of the available options on that topic to write. 

                        Position papers are required to be 1250 +/- 100 words long; no exceptions. In addition to the hard copy you turn in the day a particular option is due, an electronic version of your paper using Microsoft Word should be dropped into the appropriate ANTH 207 myCourses.geneseo.edu Drop Box located under the Course Materials tab by the start of class on the day the paper is due.  Use your last name as the file name for the electronic version of the paper (i.e. adams.doc or manson.docx).  Failure to comply with the word count limits or to drop your essay into the myCourses page results in a 10 point deduction from your essay grade each.  Submitted electronic files will be checked for  compliance with the word count limit.  Use normal margins and double-spacing.  Please do not use a font size smaller than 10 point. 

 

The hard copies of your position papers must be stapled to a cover sheet that includes  your name, and the title of your essay.  Do not place your name, or the paper title, anywhere but on the cover sheet.  Please include page numbers, but do not number the cover page.  Your paper will be graded on the following five components: format (as outlined above and below), structure (includes sentence construction and organization), grammar (includes spelling errors and typos), clarity (are your ideas expressed clearly?), and content (are your comments perceptive, have you explored significant issues, answered the questions completely, and linked key evidence to your arguments).   

 

            Position papers require a bibliography which will include the sources you reference from the class reading and the extra sources you find.   In addition to the bibliography itself, citation style for the position papers will follow the American

Antiquity style.   You will be given a short tutorial on how to use the style in class, but please note that many of the articles we will be reading are taken from American  Antiquity.   These can serve as a useful guide on how to use citations and make your bibliographies. Please ask if you have any issues concerning this style.

 

            Accommodations:

                        “SUNY Geneseo will make reasonable accommodations for persons with documented physical, emotional or learning disabilities. Students should consult with the          Director in the Office of Disability Services (Tabitha Buggie-Hunt, 105D Erwin,  tbuggieh@geneseo.edu) and their individual faculty regarding any needed  accommodations as early as possible in the semester.”

            Class Schedule                                                                                                      Reading:

            Week 1   Introduction                                                                                                         

 

            Jan 20th  - Welcome and Syllabus                                                     Thomas Forward & Prologue

                 Perspectives on North American Prehistory                                         

 

           

            Week 2    Skull Wars

 

            Jan. 25th  -        Discuss Thomas Ch. 1-11                                        Thomas Ch. 1-11                                 

 

            Jan. 27th  -       Discuss Thomas Ch. 12-17                                       Thomas Ch. 12-24 & Epilogue                                                                                                 

           

            Week 3   First Americans

 

            Feb. 1st  -  Timing, Routes of entry/Beringia and NE Asia                Bradley and Stanford pdf      Skull Wars essay due

           

            Feb. 3rd -  French connection?                                                          Straus, Meltzer, and Goebel pdf

 

           

            Week 4  First Americans continued

 

            Feb. 8th  -  Evidence of early sites                                                    Goebels et al. pdf

                                                                            

            Feb. 10th -  “First Americans” video & Clovis culture                         Marshall pdf

 

           

            Week 5   First Americans continued                                                                                   

 

            Feb. 15th      -  Clovis Subsistence & Extinctions                                 Waguespack and Surovell pdf

 

            Feb. 17th    -   Extinctions/ Younger Dryas                                          Mosimann & Martin (skip the sim   model section) and Grayson pdfs

 

           

            Week 6  First Americans continued

 

            Feb. 22nd - “The Last Extinction – What Killed the Mammoths?” video      Johnson pdf

 

            Feb. 24th  -   Discussion & Late Paleoindians                                      Holliday and Meltzer pdf   (read up to Comments section on page 12)

 

           

            Week 7    Southwest Overview

 

            Feb. 29th   -    Southwest Overview                                                    Leonard and Reed pdf 

 

            March 2nd -   Food Production in Southwest                                    Kohler and Sebastian pdf    

           

 

            Week 8   Chaco Canyon

 

            March 7th  -     Chaco Canyon                                                         Renfrew  pdf                                                                                

            March 9th  -    Chaco Canyon Discussion                                        Willis pdf  

                                                                                                                    and Lekson and Cameron pdf                       

 

           

            Week 9  Spring Break – No Class   March 14th – March 18th

 

           

            Week 10   Puebloans

 

            March 21st  -   “Cannibalism in the Canyon” video                              Lekson  pdf

 

            March 23rd  - Southwest Cannibalism Discussion                               Turner pdf

                                                                                                                         and Kantner pdf

           

            Week 11    Conclusion of Southwest, Begin Eastern Woodlands

 

            March 28th   -     Late Puebloan Culture                                                            -

                                   

            March 30th  -    Eastern Woodlands Overview                                                 -

                                                                                     

           

            Week 12    Eastern Woodland Moundbuilders

 

            April 4th -     Food Production in the East                                                   Smith pdf 

                            “Secrets of the Moundbuilders” video                                        and Wymer pdf

           

            April 6th   -    Ohio Hopewell                                                                       Pacheco & Dancey pdf

  

           

            Week 13       

 

            April 11th -    Settlement Pattern Issues                                                     Cowan pdf  and Yerkes pdf                                                                                         

 

            April 13th -    Settlement Discussion                                                          Pacheco pdf and OAC weblinks

  

           

            Week 14     Eastern Woodlands continued

 

            April 18th   -  Ohio Hopewell Earthworks                                                   Romain pdf and   Bernardini pdf

 

            April 20th  - Ceremonialism discussion                                                     Brown pdf and  DeBoer pdf

 

 

            Week 15     Mississippian

 

            April 25th  -     Cahokia and Mississippian culture                                   Benson et al. pdf

                       

            April 27th  -     Cahokia discussion & Late Mississippians                       Nolan and Cook pdf 

                                                                                                                            and  Benson et al. pdf #2                  

                                                                                   

            Week 16     Northern Iroquois cultures concluded & end of class

 

            May 2nd  -    Northern Iroquois origins and culture                                     Snow-a pdf

 

           

            Week 17    Northern Iroquois cultures concluded & end of class

 

            May 11th  N. Iroquois discussion & Final Quiz                                         Crawford and Smith pdf and  Snow-b pdf