SUNY College at Geneseo
Instructor: Paul J. Pacheco Office: 152A Bailey Hall
Ofifice Phone: 245-5275
Office Hours: Tues 9-1; or by appointment
email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this course we will examine detailed examples of the rich diversity of social structures, political organizations, ecological adaptations, and religious-ideological systems created by the prehistoric cultures of North America. We will look in depth at the following topics: Paleoindian migrations into the New World and the environmental impact of this migration, the origins and spread of food-producing Puebloan societies in the Southwest, the origins and spread of food-producing & mound-building societies in the Eastern Woodlands, the dominance of Late Prehistoric Mississippian chiefdom-level societies, and the migration of Iroquoian peoples. Students will read selected examples of primary literature concerning these topics and will engage in class discussions about these readings. Students will also write a series of essays called position papers, which will reinforce class topics and promote critical reading, thinking, and writing skills.
(1) Students will demonstrate their knowledge of North American cultural diversity, including variation in the cultures, religions, political organizations, social structures, and environmental adaptations through class discussion of assigned readings and lecture topics, their position papers, and a final quiz.
(2) Students will demonstrate their comprehension of key events and issues during the historical interaction of Native cultures with their displacers by writing an outside of class essay on the Skull Wars book.
(3) Students will demonstrate their ability to communicate their comprehension of important issues in North American prehistory by presenting their findings through the writing of position papers based on critical reading and thinking about the assigned course reading.
In addition to fulfilling your multi-cultural graduation requirement, this course also fulfills one course in the social science general education requirements. The guidelines for social science core courses stress the development of the following characteristics of a responsible member of society:
(1) an acquaintance with major empirical, analytical, or theoretical approaches to human behavior, institutions or culture;
(2) an acquaintance with social, economic, political, or moral alternatives;
(3) an acquaintance with major problems, issues, institutions, practices or trends in the social world;
(4) a capacity to express ideas clearly, coherently and grammatically in written form as one component of the evaluation process. This written work must total at least 1500 words, at least half of which must be prepared outside of class.
Thomas, David H. 2000 Skull Wars: Kennewick Man, Archaeology, and the Battle for Native American Identity. Basic Books (a member of the Perseus Book Group) ISBN# 0-465-09225-x
All other listed readings will be made available through the myCourses webpage as pdf files.
Course requirements, Grading Procedures, and Important Dates:
Skull Wars Essay 75 points Feb. 1st
Participation 50 points In class
Three Position Papers 100 points each Variable depending on choice of topic
Final Quiz 75 points May 11th , 8:00-10:30 A.M.
Grades will be assigned on a percentage basis out of 500 possible as follows:
A = 100 - 93% C+ = 79.99 - 77%
A- = 92.99% - 90% C = 76.99 - 73%
B+ = 89.99 - 87% C - = 72.99 - 67%
B = 86.99 - 83 % D = 66.99 - 57 %
B- = 82.99 - 80 % E = 56.99 - 0 %
There will be no exams in this course other than the one cumulative quiz, which will be taken on the day of the final. There will be four outside of class written assignments; an essay on the Skull Wars book, and three position papers. All written assignments will emphasize your conceptual grasp of the course material based on your critical reading and thinking about class topics and your ability to clearly express yourself in writing. Reading assignments are meant to provide the primary literature for your position papers, while the class lectures and images provide general background/ contextual knowledge, plus fodder for class discussions. All late assignments will be penalized 5% per day, cumulative to 25% per week. You do not need permission, or excuses, to be late with your work, but all late assignments are subject to the penalty regardless of the reason.
Archaeologist Brian Fagan once wrote that “if we are ignorant of the past, someone will rewrite it for us.” Reflect and comment on this statement in relation toissues discussed in Skull Wars Chapters 1-17. How has the history of interaction between Native American people and their displacers (i.e. primarily people of European descent) shaped the way we approach and think of Native American prehistory? Creative responses are acceptable and encouraged.
Your paper is required to be 1000 +/- 50 words long; no exceptions. In addition to the hard copy turned in the day the essay is due, February 1st, an electronic version of your paper using Microsoft Word should be dropped into the appropriate ANTH 207 myCourses.geneseo.edu Drop Box located under the Course Materials tab by the start of class on the day the paper is due. Use your last name as the file name for the electronic version of the paper (i.e. adams.doc or manson.docx). Failure to comply with the word count limits or to drop your essay into the myCourses page results in a 10 point deduction from your essay grade each. Submitted electronic files will be checked for compliance with the word count limit. Use normal margins and double-spacing. Please do not use a font size smaller than 10 point.
The hard copy of your reaction paper must be stapled to a cover sheet that includes your name, and the title of your essay. Do not place your name, or the paper title, anywhere
but on the cover sheet. Please include page numbers, but do not number the cover page or citations page (if you include one). Your paper will be graded on the following five components: format (as outlined above), structure (includes sentence construction and organization), grammar (includes spelling errors and typos), clarity (are your ideas expressed clearly?), and content (are your comments perceptive, have you explored ignificant issues. A bibliography is not necessary if you only refer to sections of the Skull Wars text, however, you should fully credit Thomas when you are quoting or paraphrasing him (i.e. something like Thomas 2000:34). Likewise, if you reference any other sources, you should include a bibliography. Any style of referencing is acceptable as long as citations are complete.
You are required to write three position papers in this course. Which papers you write will be your choice. There will be two issues/questions for each of the first three main topics we cover in class and one each for the last two topics, which are shorter, meaning you will be able to choose from 3 of the 8 options available. All of the options for position papers will be placed in a folder under the Course Materials tab labeled Position Paper Options. Different due dates will be associated with the different options. You will be using the reading sources assigned in class as your primary sources, but you are also required to add a minimum of 3 additional sources beyond those we read in class. These additional sources can come from either your own research or from a folder marked supplemental readings which will be placed within the folder for position paper options under the Course Materials tab. For each main topics of the class, you may only choose one of the available options on that topic to write.
Position papers are required to be 1250 +/- 100 words long; no exceptions. In addition to the hard copy you turn in the day a particular option is due, an electronic version of your paper using Microsoft Word should be dropped into the appropriate ANTH 207 myCourses.geneseo.edu Drop Box located under the Course Materials tab by the start of class on the day the paper is due. Use your last name as the file name for the electronic version of the paper (i.e. adams.doc or manson.docx). Failure to comply with the word count limits or to drop your essay into the myCourses page results in a 10 point deduction from your essay grade each. Submitted electronic files will be checked for compliance with the word count limit. Use normal margins and double-spacing. Please do not use a font size smaller than 10 point.
The hard copies of your position papers must be stapled to a cover sheet that includes your name, and the title of your essay. Do not place your name, or the paper title, anywhere but on the cover sheet. Please include page numbers, but do not number the cover page. Your paper will be graded on the following five components: format (as outlined above and below), structure (includes sentence construction and organization), grammar (includes spelling errors and typos), clarity (are your ideas expressed clearly?), and content (are your comments perceptive, have you explored significant issues, answered the questions completely, and linked key evidence to your arguments).
Position papers require a bibliography which will include the sources you reference from the class reading and the extra sources you find. In addition to the bibliography itself, citation style for the position papers will follow the American
Antiquity style. You will be given a short tutorial on how to use the style in class, but please note that many of the articles we will be reading are taken from American Antiquity. These can serve as a useful guide on how to use citations and make your bibliographies. Please ask if you have any issues concerning this style.
“SUNY Geneseo will make reasonable accommodations for persons with documented physical, emotional or learning disabilities. Students should consult with the Director in the Office of Disability Services (Tabitha Buggie-Hunt, 105D Erwin, email@example.com) and their individual faculty regarding any needed accommodations as early as possible in the semester.”
Week 1 Introduction
Jan 20th - Welcome and Syllabus Thomas Forward & Prologue
Perspectives on North American Prehistory
Week 2 Skull Wars
Jan. 25th - Discuss Thomas Ch. 1-11 Thomas Ch. 1-11
Jan. 27th - Discuss Thomas Ch. 12-17 Thomas Ch. 12-24 & Epilogue
Week 3 First Americans
Feb. 1st - Timing, Routes of entry/Beringia and NE Asia Bradley and Stanford pdf Skull Wars essay due
Feb. 3rd - French connection? Straus, Meltzer, and Goebel pdf
Week 4 First Americans continued
Feb. 8th - Evidence of early sites Goebels et al. pdf
Feb. 10th - “First Americans” video & Clovis culture Marshall pdf
Week 5 First Americans continued
Feb. 15th - Clovis Subsistence & Extinctions Waguespack and Surovell pdf
Feb. 17th - Extinctions/ Younger Dryas Mosimann & Martin (skip the sim model section) and Grayson pdfs
Week 6 First Americans continued
Feb. 22nd - “The Last Extinction – What Killed the Mammoths?” video Johnson pdf
Feb. 24th - Discussion & Late Paleoindians Holliday and Meltzer pdf (read up to Comments section on page 12)
Week 7 Southwest Overview
Feb. 29th - Southwest Overview Leonard and Reed pdf
March 2nd - Food Production in Southwest Kohler and Sebastian pdf
Week 8 Chaco Canyon
March 7th - Chaco Canyon Renfrew pdf
March 9th - Chaco Canyon Discussion Willis pdf
and Lekson and Cameron pdf
Week 9 Spring Break – No Class March 14th – March 18th
Week 10 Puebloans
March 21st - “Cannibalism in the Canyon” video Lekson pdf
March 23rd - Southwest Cannibalism Discussion Turner pdf
and Kantner pdf
Week 11 Conclusion of Southwest, Begin Eastern Woodlands
March 28th - Late Puebloan Culture -
March 30th - Eastern Woodlands Overview -
Week 12 Eastern Woodland Moundbuilders
April 4th - Food Production in the East Smith pdf
“Secrets of the Moundbuilders” video and Wymer pdf
April 6th - Ohio Hopewell Pacheco & Dancey pdf
April 11th - Settlement Pattern Issues Cowan pdf and Yerkes pdf
April 13th - Settlement Discussion Pacheco pdf and OAC weblinks
Week 14 Eastern Woodlands continued
April 18th - Ohio Hopewell Earthworks Romain pdf and Bernardini pdf
April 20th - Ceremonialism discussion Brown pdf and DeBoer pdf
Week 15 Mississippian
April 25th - Cahokia and Mississippian culture Benson et al. pdf
April 27th - Cahokia discussion & Late Mississippians Nolan and Cook pdf
and Benson et al. pdf #2
Week 16 Northern Iroquois cultures concluded & end of class
May 2nd - Northern Iroquois origins and culture Snow-a pdf
Week 17 Northern Iroquois cultures concluded & end of class
May 11th - N. Iroquois discussion & Final Quiz Crawford and Smith pdf and Snow-b pdf