LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS

ANTH 220   SPRING 2015




Mondays & Wednesdays 10:00-11:15 am; Bailey 201


Instructor        Jennifer R. Guzmán, PhD
Office hours    Bailey 108, Mondays 2:30-4:00, Thursdays 11:30-1:00, and by appointment.

Feel free to visit office hours to discuss any questions you have about anthropology, linguistics, course content, assignments, or your academic progress.
Email    guzman@geneseo.edu. Feel free to email questions that can be answered briefly. If you have a complex question or situation, please visit me during office hours. I read e-mail once daily Monday-Friday. Allow 1-2 days for a response. When sending email, include ANTH 100 and a topic in the subject line.  

Office Phone    (585) 245-5174
Course TA    Jenna Cecchini jmc62@geneseo.edu


Course description
This course is a practical introduction to methods and theory surrounding analysis of (1) natural languages and (2) naturally occurring language use. The first half of the course focuses on domains from theoretical linguistics: phonology (the repertoire of human speech sounds), phonetics (sound systems of particular languages), morphology (the composition of words), syntax (the structure of sentences), semantics (linguistic meaning), and pragmatics (language use/context). The course also covers computational linguistics and discusses use of technology for linguistic analysis. The second half of the course will focus on discourse analysis, specifically conversation analysis, a methodology that is used widely by sociolinguists and linguistic anthropologists for the analysis of what Schegloff has referred to as “language in the wild.” Readings and practical exercises using conversation analysis will focus on techniques for investigating discourse in institutional settings including, emergency service (911) calls, doctor-patient interaction, and news/political media.


Learning Outcomes
•    Students will become familiar with technical terminology and procedures for analysis of linguistic features.
•    Students will develop proficiency in recognizing linguistic patterns through analysis of exemplars from multiple languages.
•    Students will gain fluency in reading and proficiency in producing technical transcripts of recorded speech.
•    Students will be able to identify discourse patterns that characterize institutional contexts of language use.


Required Texts
o    (LF) Vedrana Mihalicek and Christin Wilson. Language Files. 11th edition. The Ohio State University Press. ISBN: 9780814251799
o    (CA) Jack Sidnell. 2010.  Conversation Analysis: An Introduction. Wiley Blackwell. ISBN: 9781405159012
o    (TIA) John Heritage and Steven Clayman. Talk in Action. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN: 9781405185493
Please bring whichever book we are working with you to each class session. We will frequently work with excercises and examples in the book during class.

Course Requirements
o    Comprehension of linguistic analytic terms and procedures: demonstrated in homework assignments, two take-home midterms, and a non-cumulative final exam. Exams will include short definitions and analysis problems.
o    Engaged and active participation: accomplished through contributing to class discussions and completing work in class (individually and in groups) on practice exercises.  
o    Peer education: accomplished by presenting one mini-lesson (5-10 minutes) on a relevant topic of your choice during the course of the semester.  

Grading structure
20
20
20
20
15
5    Midterm 1
Midterm 2
Final exam
Participation
Homework
Mini-lesson
100    TOTAL

Grading: Grading for this class follows the standards for letter grading that appear in the Geneseo Undergraduate Bulletin.
A  / A-          Excellent work
B+, B, B-     Very good work
C / C+         Satisfactory work (i.e. work that fulfills all stipulated requirements for an assignment and is turned in on time)
C-               Work demonstrating minimal competence
D                 Marginal work
E (failure)    Inadequate work
Other possible grades are: P (pass), F (fail), S (satisfactory), U (unsatisfactory), and W (withdrawn). Consult the Bulletin for details about these latter grades.

Accommodation: If you need classroom accommodations due to a documented or suspected learning difference, please contact Dean Buggie-Hunt (tbuggieh@geneseo.edu) at the Office of Disability Services (ODS) and bring me a letter outlining the accommodations you require. Do so as early as possible.

Laptop Policy: Use of laptops during class is not permitted. Come to class prepared to take notes the old-fashioned way, with pen and paper. Recent studies indicate we learn better during classes when we are not working on a computer. There are a couple of reasons for this. First, we are more likely to think about, synthesize, and remember information when we write longhand than when we type notes on a computer.  Second, with easy access to the internet most of us will succumb to the temptation to electronically multi-task during class, and this significantly diminishes learning,  not to mention distracting others who happen to be nearby. Keep your laptop and phone stored in your bag during class and turn your cell phone ringer off. Students who violate this policy will be asked to leave for the rest of the class session. If you have extenuating circumstances that require you to keep your ringer on during class, please let me know in advance.

Assignment submission: Students will turn in hard copies of assignments at the beginning of class on the day each assignment is due. Assignments turned in after this deadline will be docked a half-grade per day of lateness (e.g. a grade of B will be registered as a B-). To turn in a late assignment, take it to the Department of Anthropology and ask the department administrator, Beverly Rex-Burley, to put the assignment in my faculty mailbox. LATE ASSIGNMENTS MAY NOT BE SUBMITTED IN CLASS.

Academic Honesty
Familiarize yourself with the SUNY Geneseo policies on academic honesty. You are responsible for abiding by them. http://bulletin.geneseo.edu/first/?pg=01_Student_Affairs_policies.html

Schedule
Students should complete each required reading assignment prior to class on the day the reading is listed. Schedule is subject to change as necessary over the course of the semester.

Week 1     INTRODUCTION
January 21    Language Files Chapter 1 (recommended, NOT required)

Week 2    PHONETICS
January 26    Language Files
2.0 What is phonetics?
2.1 Representing Speech Sounds
2.2 Articulation: English Consonants
Assignment: 2.8 Practice exercise questions 3, 8, 9
January 28    2.3 Articulation: English Vowels
2.5 Suprasegmental Features
    Assignment: 2.8 Practice exercise questions 15, 17, 18
    
Week 3    PHONOLOGY
February 2    3.0 What is phonology?
3.2 Phonemes and allophones
February 4    3.4 Phonological laws
3.5 How to Solve Phonology Problems
3.6 Practice TBA

Week 4    MORPHOLOGY
February 9     4.0 What Is Morphology?
        4.1 Words and Word Formation: The Nature of the Lexicon
        4.2 Morphological Processes
February 11    4.3 Morphological Types of Languages
        4.5 Morphological Analysis
        4.6 Practice TBA
    HOMEWORK: Attend the panel on careers in translation and interpretation (7:00pm, Tower Room in Doty)

Week 5    SYNTAX    
February 16     5.0 What is Syntax?
        5.1 Basic Ideas of Syntax
        5.2 Syntactic Properties
February 18    5.3 Syntactic Constituency
        5.4 Syntactic Categories
        5.6 Practice TBA
        Take-home midterm 1 distributed
Week 6     
February 23    SEMANTICS
6.0 Semantics
        6.1 An Overview of Semantics
        6.2 Lexical Semantics: The Meanings of Words
        6.3 Practice TBA

February 25    COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS
Reading TBD
Guest lecture by Dr. Kirk Anne
        DUE: Take-home midterm 1

Week 7    PRAGMATICS
March 2    7.0 What is Pragmatics?
        7.1 Language in Context
        7.2 Rules of Conversation
        7.3 Drawing Conclusions
March 4    7.4 Speech Acts
        7.5 Presupposition
        7.6 Practice TBA

Week 8     INTRODUCTION TO CONVERSATION ANALYSIS
March 9    CA Chapter 1 “Talk”    
March 11    CA Chapter 2 “Methods”

March 17, 19 – No classes - SPRING BREAK

Week 9     ANALYZING INSTITUTIONAL DISCOURSE
March 23    CA Chapter 3 “Turn-taking”    
March 25    TIA Chapter 4 “Dimensions of Institutional Talk”
CA Chapter 4 “Action and Understanding” (recommended)
        Take-home midterm 2 distributed

Week 10    CALLS FOR EMERGENCY SERVICE
March 30    TIA Intro to Emergency Service (pp. 51-52) & Ch. 5 “Emergency Calls as Institutional Talk” (pp 53-68)
April 1    TIA Ch. 6 “Gatekeeping and Entitlement to Emergency Service”
        DUE: Take-home midterm 2

Week 11    DOCTOR-PATIENT INTERACTION: PRESENTING MEDICAL PROBLEMS    
April 6    TIA Intro to Part 3 (pp 101-102) and Ch. 8 “Patients’ Presentations of Medical Issues: The Doctor’s Problem”
CA Ch. 5 “Preference” (recommended)
April 8        CA Ch. 9 “Stories”
            TIA Ch. 9 “Patients’ Presentations of Medical Issues: The Patient’s Problem” (recommended)
            
Week 12    DOCTOR-PATIENT INTERACTION: DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
April 13    CA Ch. 7 “Repair”
April 15     TIA Ch. 11 “Diagnosis and Treatment: Medical Authority and Its Limits”

Week 13    NEWS AND POLITICAL COMMUNICATION
April 20    TIA Introduction to Part 5 (pp 213-214) and Ch. 15 “News interview turn-taking”
April 22     TIA Ch. 16 “Question Design in the News Interview and Beyond”

Week 14    ANSWERS AND EVASIONS
April 27    TIA Ch. 17 “Answers and Evasions”
April 29    TIA Ch. 19 “Conclusion”
    CA Ch. 13 “Conclusion”

Week 15
May 4        Review for final exam

FINAL EXAM     Thursday, May 7, 8:00-11:00 am, Bailey 201