ANTHROPOLOGY 307
Spring 2012

THIRD WORLD DEVELOPMENT: THEORY AND ANALYSIS


Tuesday and Thursday 2:30-3:45
Sturges 103


Instructor: Professor Rose-Marie Chierici
Office: Sturges 13
Office hours: W: 12:00- 1:00
Email: chierici@geneseo.edu

Teaching Interns:
Grace Trompeter: gat3@geneseo.edu
Sophia Hutnik: sah14@geneseo.edu


COURSE DESCRIPTION
What is development? What is the Third World? What are the dominant paradigms and ideologies that have influenced social, political and economic strategies in Third World countries? What is the “cost” of development for indigenous populations? What roles can anthropologists play in development programs? What is globalization really about? These are some of the themes that will be explored during the semester. Case studies as well as analyses and critiques of development programs will be used to sort out the dynamics between dependency, gender, politics, economic models, power relationships, and poverty. Development work is collaborative by nature; therefore we emphasize this strategy in this class.

REQUIREMENTS
This course uses an experiential and collaborative approach to learning. Half of your grade will come from team work and half from individual work. Therefore, class participation, individual assignments, group work, and research are stressed. In order for you to get the most from this class, it is important that team members share the work equally and complete their share of each assignment. You will find a detailed outline with milestones due dates in the Course Materials section of the myCourses page for this class. You will be responsible to follow them and meet each deadline. Time will be set aside for group work during regular class time.

Portfolio and Project Evaluation (50%).
Students will work in teams throughout the semester on a substantial project which includes an evaluation and critique of development strategies, a case study of a region that the group will select, designing the group’s own NGO and projects, and a rationale for choosing the model and strategies of this virtual NGO.

Individual Paper: Critique of Development models and approaches (30%).
This is a formal, 6- 7 page double-spaced paper plus bibliography.
You will review and evaluate the approaches to development that the readings for this class offer. Your evaluation of these works should reflect your understanding of development theory and your ability to analyze class material. The paper should include: a definition of development from your own perspective; a summary of the main arguments developed by each author and your evaluation of their contributions; and what you believe is/would be the best model and why. To make this a richer paper you will support your analysis with appropriate references to class readings and four additional sources from scholarly sources. No more than two of these additional sources can be accredited web sources. You can add articles from major newspaper or magazine articles but they will not count as additional sources. Make sure that you cite all your sources; consult a style guide if you are not familiar with the Chicago format.

Discussion Questions (10%)
At different times during the semester, you will be expected to contribute questions for class discussion. Post your questions in the Drop Box folder entitled Questions for Class Discussion on myCourses on days indicated on the syllabus.

Participation (10%)
This includes participation in class, in discussions, and on projects. Regular attendance and preparation are good indicators of your level of participation.

GREAT Day Poster Session
April 17. All groups will participate in a session sponsored by the class and are expected to present a poster at the session. The poster will summarize your research and findings.

Kiva Project
Kiva is a not for profit organization which makes small loans to people in developing countries. I propose that as a class we sponsor one or more small entrepreneurs. We could collect $1 per person to start and select a project to sponsor and watch it evolve. We can evaluate later if we want to continue funding and raising more money.

REQUIRED TEXT
John Isbister, Promises Not Kept: Poverty and the Betrayal of Third World Development, Seventh Edition. Bloomfield, CO: Kumarian Press, 2006.
Anne-Meike Fetcher and Heather Hindman, eds. Inside the Everyday Lives of Development Workers: The Challenges and Futures of Aidland. Bloomfield, CO: Kumerian Press, 2011.
Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo, eds. Poor Economics : A Radical Rethinking Of The Way To Fight Global Poverty. PublicAffairs, 2011.

You will find additional readings under Class Materials on myCourses.


REFERENCE TEXTS
Arturo Escobar, Encountering Development
Paul Farmer, Pathologies of Power
Ted C. Lewellen, Dependency and Development
        The Anthropology of Globalization
Richard H. Robbins, Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism
Jeffrey Sachs, The End of Poverty
James C. Scott, Domination and the Arts of Resistance
Sarah J. Tisch and Michael B. Wallace, Dilemmas of Development Assistance
Pan American Health Organization, Gender, Women, and Health in the Americas
James David Fahn, A Land on Fire. Westview Press, 2003
Norberg-Hodge, Helena. Ancient futures: Learning from Ladakh. San Francisco: Sierra Clun Books. 1991
Yunus, Mohammad, Banker to the Poor: Micro-Lending and the Battle Against World Poverty. NY: Public Affairs, 2003.
Christina Wasson, Mary Odell Butler, Jacqueline Copeland-Carson, eds. Applying Anthropology in the Global Village  Left Coast Press, 2011.
Dambisa Moyo, Dead Aid
Christina Wasson, Mary Odell Butler, Jacqueline Copeland-Carson, eds. Applying Anthropology in the Global Village



COURSE SCHEDULE

Week 1
1/17    Introduction of the course and theme for the semester: Sustainability

    Define the Third World and its characteristics
The face of poverty: “In One slum: Misery, Work, Politics and Hope”
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/29/world/asia/in-indian-slum-misery-work-politics-and-hope.html


1/19    Discuss group work and form groups
    Why team work? Check this site:
    http://www.linkedin.com/news?actionBar=&articleID=879132924&ids=0Te38MdzwPejwIcjcQe38TcjAUb3gOej8PcjATe2MNc3sRdzwVe3wIcjcVcPAVd3AU&aag=true&freq=weekly&trk=eml-tod-b-ttle-68&ut=32WQ9Ga0tlUQY1

    Introduction of Librarian Kim Hoffman who is going to assist with this class

                        Form teams and get to know your partners and team leaders.

Week 2
1/24    DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE AND THE THIRD WORLD
    Reading: Isbister, Promises Not Kept (PNK), chapters 1, 2, and 3.
   

Group work: How do you feel about the term “Third World” to describe certain countries? Why? What are alternative terminologies? What do you think about them? Reflect on the impact of these labels and find some examples on how they are used in newspapers, journals, the web, etc.
Drop your comments in the folder “Questions and Comments for Class Discussion” in myCourses.

1/26     Meet in Milne 104   
Team Work - This week teams will work on selecting a country/region and assign tasks and areas of research to their members.
   
    ***Milestone 1: Country selection

         
Week 3
1/31        MACROPERSPECTIVES
THE POLITICS OF DEVELOPMENT:

Reading: Isbister, Chapter 4
Banerjee and Duflo, Chapter 1

Group work assignment: For next week, each group will bring an article about their country/region that highlights some of the issues we have discussed so far. Each group will summarize their article and prepare a question for class discussion next Wednesday February 13.
   
2/2     Meet in Milne 104

    Assignment: Begin shaping your NGO and its goals and objectives
   
       
Week 4
2/7        Film: Drowned Out       
Reading: Isbitser, PNK, chapter 6: skip pp 157 (Political Independence) to 171. Read Investments in Human Capital (171-174) and from Non-Governmental Organizations to end of chapter.
Sachs, Sachs, “A Global Family Portrait” and “The Spread of Economic Prosperity” (Reserve)
 “Why Some Countries Fail to Thrive” (Reserve)     
   
Discussion: of film and of articles

2/9         Milestone 2: Goals and Objectives of NGO

Team work- Starting today, the class will split and each team will meet with either Kim Hoffman or myself on alternate Thursdays. Consult the Course Calendar, posted on myCourses to find out where your team is this week and throughout the semester.


Week 5
2/14        ECONOMY
Reading: Bodley, excerpts from “Poverty and Conflict in the Global Culture” and Banerjee and Duflo, chap 2

    Film: The Price of Aid

2/16     Banerjee and Duflo, chap 3 and 4


Week 6
2/21    HUNGER AND DEVELOPMENT
        Reading: Robbins, “Hunger, Poverty, and Economic Development”
Marks, “Human Rights in Development”
“Disease” (Reserve)
     
    Discussion: Bring questions on readings and films from the previous 2 weeks. How do the alternatives presented in the readings for today reflect issues and concerns outlined in the material discussed thus far and how do they reflect what you are learning about your own region.

2/23     Update on Projects. I will meet with each group to review progress on your portfolio.
       

Week 7
2/28         Milestone 3 due: identify gaps in information

A CASE STUDY
    Discussion of Banker to the Poor (Excerpts)
    What are the basic premises of the book? How does this particular case study illustrate the struggle of the poor to get our of poverty; the constraints and barriers to individual development; and the potential for solving global problems. Do Yunis and Sachs have a common goal? How do they envision solutions to poverty?
Banerjee and Duflo: ch 6
Microcredit: http://www.racialicious.com/2008/12/16/microcredit-%E2%80%9Ca-political-economy-of-shame%E2%80%9D/
Assignment: Formulate 2 substantial questions for class discussion and prepare a short paragraph summarizing your answers to these questions.
***I will collect this assignment

3/1    Check this out: Can cellphones help end global poverty? http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/13/magazine/13anthropology-t.html?scp=1&sq=nyt%20magazine%204/13/2008%20anthropology&st=cse


Week 8
3/6        RESPONSES AND STRATEGIES
Reading: Banerjee and Duflo, ch 9, Global Anti-poverty Summit Report and Robert Maguire, Bottom-up Development in Haiti (Reserve)

3/8         Fourth Milestone is due

Week 9
3/13-3/15    Spring break!