YOUR NAME ________________________          

HUMN 221 SP 2003 First Exam  Professor Celia Easton     SECTION 17 (MW 1:30)

PART 1 (60 points) Answer FIVE TOTAL of the following short answer questions.  Express yourself clearly and refer to the texts specifically by providing examples.  Write a well-developed paragraph for each answer. You must pick at least one question from each category.  Don't skip any categories.  Be sure to answer everything implied by the question.  For example, in question 2, be sure to explain what "prerogative" is before describing its advantages and dangers.


  1. How is "political power" different from "parental power"?
  2. What are the advantages and dangers of prerogative?
  3. How does Locke explain why some people own more property than other people?


  1. How does Swift view the "State of Nature"?
  2. How does Swift satirize political and religious differences in Book 1 of Gulliver?
  3. What does Gulliver's attitude toward Pedro de Mendez tell us about Gulliver?

American Documents

  1. Paraphrase Jefferson's syllogistic (deductive) argument for revolution.
  2. How does Madison distinguish the causes and effects of "faction"?
  3. How does Martineau respond to Jefferson's exclusion of women from the American political process? 

PART 2.  (40 points) LONG ESSAY.  Answer ONE of the following questions in a well-developed essay.  A well-developed essay has a point to make and draws upon examples to support that point.

  1. In what way do Locke and Jefferson epitomize the thinking of the Enlightenment, and in what way is Swift critical of the thinking of the Enlightenment?
  2. Write a critique of Locke's theory of property from a Houyhnhnm point of view.

Scoring, short answers: 11-12="A range" 10="B range" 8-9= "C range" 7="D range" 6 and below=failing

long answers: 36-40="A range" 32-35="B range" 28-31="C range" 24?27="D range" 23 and below=failing