Humanities 221 Spring 1999, Professor Celia A. Easton
Section 25 W 11:30-1:10 (Newton 214) & M 12:30-2:10 (Welles 26)
Section 26 W 11:30-1:10 (Newton 214) & F 12:30-2:10 (Welles 26)
Section 27 W 11:30-1:10 (Newton 214) & F 10:30-12:10 (Welles 123)

Email: (try this first)
Office: Welles 228b
Office phone: 245-5270  Home phone (BEFORE 9:00 p.m. ONLY) 442-5716
Office hours:  Mondays, 2:30-3:30
  Wednesdays, 1:30-2:30
  Fridays, 2:30-3:30
Additional times are available by appointment.  (No appointments are necessary for office hours; just stop by.)

This syllabus and related documents (including "Conventions of Writing Papers in Humanities" and Sp-98 exams) can be found on my Geneseo website:

Western Humanities II is a survey of readings from the 17th to the 20th centuries, representing a selection in the history of ideas in the modern era.

These sections this spring mark an experiment whose aim is to reduce discussion class size by combining several discussion sections half the week for a common lecture, and forming more, smaller sections (of 23 or 24 students) for the remainder of the week.  Three sections studying with Dr. Easton will share Wednesday lectures with three sections studying with Dr. Doan, but Dr. Easton and Dr. Doan's students will have separate examinations and paper topics.

To pass this course you must attempt all three exams and both papers, even if you have a passing gpa without one of those assignments.

Please keep a back-up copy of both papers when you hand them in (either hard copy or disk).  Should we disagree about whether or not you have turned in a paper, you will be able to produce a duplicate immediately.

Required Texts  (I ordered my books through SUN DANCE BOOKS):

John Locke, Second Treatise of Government
Jonathan Swift, Gulliverís Travels
Coursepack of American Documents
Mary Shelley, Frankenstein
Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, The Marx-Engels Reader.  Since M&E never wrote a "reader," when you write about their writings, refer to the title of the particular essay (e.g., "Estranged Labour" or "The Communist Manifesto"), not simply to the title of this collection.
Charles Dickens, Hard Times
Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
Sigmund Freud, Civilization and its Discontents
Virginia Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway
Hanna and Walter Kohner, Hanna and Walter: A Love Story
Please let me know right away if my page numbers do not correspond to your editions.

LECTURES: In trying to coordinate lectures for two professors who do not follow exactly the same syllabus, we have created some general topics to provide context for course readings.  Some of the lectures might be separated from the related texts by a week rather than a few days; I assume you will be able to make the connections in the syllabus.  Always come and talk with me during office hours if you have any questions.

READING ASSIGNMENTS: I have broken up reading assignments for the two class meetings per week, but the majority of our discussion will be during the small Friday and Monday classes.  You must therefore be mature enough to plan your studying time so that you have completed your reading assignments before your discussion class.  If I find that students are not preparing assignments before our discussions, I will give unannounced quizzes, substituting quiz grades for 5-10% of exam grades.

SYLLABUS: Why does the week begin with Wednesday?  This syllabus applies to three discussion sections for HUMN 221.  The course begins with a WEDNESDAY lecture, and readings are assigned to follow the lecture.  Make sure to follow the reading schedule for your Friday OR Monday section (this gets tricky around Spring Break).
Week  Wednesday (Newton 214)  Friday (Welles 123 OR 26) Monday (Welles 26) 
1/27  "The English Civil War and the New Science"  1/29  READ Locke, ch. 1-9   2/1 READ Locke, ch. 1-9
2/3  "The Enlightenment" READ Locke ch. 14-19  2/5 READ Swift, Book 1 (Voyage to Lilliput) (discuss Locke and Swift) 2/8 READ Swift, Book 1 (Voyage to Lilliput) (discuss Locke and Swift) 
2/10  "The French Revolution" READ (from Am. Docs.) "Declaration of Independence" and Federalist & Anti-Federalist Papers   2/12  READ Swift, Books 2, 3, and 4  2/15 READ Swift, Books 2, 3, and 4 
2/17  "Romanticism"  READ Shelley (first half of Frankenstein 2/19 READ Shelley (complete Frankenstein
2/22 READ Shelley (complete Frankenstein)

2/24  Exam #1 Bring Blue Books  2/26 
READ Dickens, Hard Times, Book 1 
READ Dickens, Hard Times, Book 1 
6 3/3  "The Industrial Revolution"  READ Dickens, Hard Times, Book 2 AND Engels, "Working Class Manchester" (important for lecture)  3/5 READ Dickens, Hard Times, Book 3 and Engels, "The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State" ("The Family")  3/8 READ Dickens, Hard Times, Book 3 and Engels, "The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State" ("The Family") 
3/10  "Nineteenth-Century Political Movements and Marx" READ Engels, "Speech at the Graveside of Karl Marx" AND Marx, "Estranged Labour" (from the "Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844," pp. 70-81) 3/12 READ Marx, "Wage Labour and Capital" and "Manifesto of the Communist Party"    3/15 READ Marx, "Wage Labour and Capital" and "Manifesto of the Communist Party" 

3/17  "Slavery, The Abolitionists, and Women's Rights"  Begin reading Douglass' Narrative. FIRST PAPER DUE   3/19  READ all Douglass' Narrative and addenda in St. Martin's edition.  3/22 spring BREAK
9 3/24 spring BREAK  3/26 spring BREAK  3/29 READ all Douglass' Narrative and addenda in St. Martin's edition. 
10  3/31  "World War One"  4/2 READ Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway  (first half)  4/5 READ Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway  (first half) 
11 4/7  "Twentieth-Century Art" 4/9 READ Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway  (second half)   4/12 READ Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway  (second half) 
12 EXAM 4/14  Exam #2  Bring Blue Books 4/16 READ Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents, ch. 1-3    4/19 READ Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents, ch. 1-3 
13  4/21  "Freud" READ C&D, ch. 4-5  4/23 Complete Freud reading (ch. 6-8)  4/26 Complete Freud reading (ch. 6-8) 
4/28 "The Holocaust" SECOND PAPER DUE  4/30 Read Kohner, Hanna and Walter  5/3 Read Kohner, Hanna and Walter 
15  5/5  Professor Easton's combined sections only: continue discussion of Hanna and Walter  5/7 READ (Am Docs.) "U.S. Constitution"; Martineauís "Political non-Existence . . ."; AND Lincoln's address at Gettysburg & Second Inaugural address (course evaluations)  5/10 READ (Am Docs.) "U.S. Constitution"; Martineauís "Political non-Existence . . ."; AND Lincoln's address at Gettysburg & Second Inaugural address (course evaluations) 
Friday 5/14  FINAL EXAM FOR ALL SECTIONS  Bring Blue Books 12:00 NOON in Newton 214 
Instructions for writing papers and paper topics for this course:

Both papers for this course should be five (double-spaced) pages long, no less than 4 1/2 and no more than 6 pages. Papers considerably shorter than the target length are probably underdeveloped; if so, this will be reflected in your grade.

On my web site you will find a document I have written discussing paper writing strategies for Humanities students.  This document is not a blueprint for writing a paper; rather, it is a lengthy reminder of what it means to write analytical papers.  Your papers for this course should have a point to argue.  You must determine what that argument is.  I provide you only with a topic about which to create an argument.  You will develop your argument by pulling apart the texts we have studied, interpreting ideas and passages from those texts.  Don't just display quotations.  If you believe a passage should be quoted, you must accompany the quotation with an interpretive explanation (this is not summary).  Your essays are not reports.  Your essays are not summaries.  You should not consult secondary sources for these essays.  If you want to refer to comments made by an editor or translator, do so explicitly.  E.g., "Robert Tucker asserts that when Marx and Engels write the Manifesto, they continue to reflect the 'positive humanism' found in the 1844 manuscripts" (Tucker, "Introduction," xxxi).

Topics for Paper #1

Choose any one of these topics and develop a well-argued essay on it.
A suggestion: when you write about more than one book, your essay will stay better balanced if you go back and forth between the texts (point by point) rather than writing about the two works separately and sticking them together.  The latter strategy usually produces two mini essays rather than discovering what can be understood by looking at two works together.

1.  Locke's argument about political power focuses on the "natural" right to property.  Examine that argument in light of TWO BOOKS (your choice) of Gulliver's Travels, keeping in mind that Locke writes in support of Enlightenment ideals and Swift criticizes them.

2.  Locke's argument about the right to political revolution depends upon his early definitions of a "state of nature" and the natural rights such a state presupposes.  In the fourth book of Gulliver, Swift obviously tries to represent a "state of nature," that is, the yahoos are human beings in their "natural" state.  Consider how coincidental Swift and Locke's views of a state of nature are, and how they differ.  Your argument might be about natural rights, natural abilities, nature-vs.-nurture, etc.

3.  From somewhat different perspectives, Swift and Shelley both consider the significance of scientific study.  What is suggested about science by an examination of book 3 of Gulliver and Frankenstein?

4.  Drawing upon any of the writings from Marx that we have read for this course (referring generously to his text), write an essay that reads Frankenstein's creature as a metaphor for modern capitalism.  This essay requires a close reading of both Marx and Shelley.

Topics for Paper #2
1. Frederick Douglass not only escapes the economic and social oppression of slavery, he articulates a theory of oppression.  Analyze Douglass' theory of racial oppression, and determine how well it can be applied by analogy to the gender oppression experienced by Louisa Gradgrind.

2. Examining Douglass' Narrative and Marx and Engels' Manifesto, compare the economic critique Douglass makes of slavery with the economic critique Marx and Engels make of capitalism.

3. Focusing on Septimus Smith's story in Mrs. Dalloway, discuss his case from the perspective of Freud's theories of the clash between individual desire and the demands of civilization.

4. Focusing on Clarissa's story in Mrs. Dalloway, explain the ways in which her married life reflects Freud's theories of the clash between individual desire and the demands of civilization.

5. Reading ahead (this paper is due before the class assignment), examine the story of Hanna and Walter  from the perspective of Freud's contrast between the drive of love and life (EROS) and the drive of death and destruction (THANATOS).

Late paper policy:
I have revised this policy this semester, making it more lenient (only 3 points per day), but much more enforceable.  I will impose this penalty, but I will also listen to appeals.

1-24 hours late, -3 points; 25-48 hours late, -6 points; 49-72 hours late, -9 points; 73-96 hours late, -12 points; 97-120 hours late, -15 points; 121-144 hours late, -18 points, 145-168 hours late, -21 points.  >7 days late, not accepted for credit without excuse certified by the Dean of Studentsí office (this includes the Counseling center).

To receive an "A" on a paper or exam, you must do excellent work in all these areas: original thinking, organization, logic, clear analysis, and presentation of grammar and mechanics.  I consider a grade of "B" a very good grade for work that is shy of excellent.  Students who earn C's and D's fall short in these areas.  In particular, they often fail to have a thesis, i.e., an arguable point, and they fill their essays with summary rather than analysis.  Visit the Writing Learning Center on the second floor of Welles for help in any of these areas.  See the English Department Secretary, Ms. Cathy Taylor (245-5273), for information about walk-in hours and appointments.

    A:94-100; A-:91-93
    B+:88-90; B:84-87; B-:81-83
    C+:78-80; C:74-77; C-:71-73
    D+:68-70; D:64-67; D-61-63
    E: 60 and below

How your grade is calculated for this course:

Participation 5%
Two essays 40%
Three exams 55%

Information on the FINAL EXAM:  The final exam will not be cumulative.  It will cover material studied since the second exam.  You may have three hours, but you probably will not need them.