"The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to reserve and enlarge freedom" (Locke, ¶57, p. 34).
"Prerogative was always largest in the hands of our wisest and best princes" (¶165, p. 102)
"The reigns of good princes have always been the most dangerous to the liberties of the people" (¶166, p. 102).
"The old question will be asked in this matter of prerogative, But who shall be judge when this power is made right use of?" (¶168, p. 103).
PATERNAL/PARENTAL POWER: "which parents have over their children to govern them for the children's good" (¶170, p. 105).
POLITICAL POWER: "that power which every man, having in the state of nature, has given up into the hands of the society, and therein to the governors, whom the society hath set over itself, with this express or tacit trust, that it shall be employed for their good and the preservation of their property" (¶171, p. 106).
DESPOTICAL POWER: "absolute, arbitrary power one man has over another, to take away his life whenever he pleases. This is a power, which neither nature gives, for it has made no such distinction between one man and another, or compact can convey" (¶172, pl. 106).
ON CONQUEST: "The conqueror, if he have a just cause, has a despotical right over the persons of all that actually aided, and concurred in the war against him, and right to make up his damage and costs out of their labour and estates, so he injure not the right of any other" (¶196, p. 119).
OF USURPATION: "Usurpation is a kind of domestic conquest [but] an usurper can never have right on his side, it being no usurpation but where one is got into the possession of what another has right to" (¶197, p. 121).
TYRANNY: "making use of the power any one has in his hands; not for the good of those, who are under it, but for his own private separate advantage" (¶199, p. 123).
"Whosoever in authority exceeds the power given him by the law, and makes use of the force he his under his command, to compass that upon the subject, which the law allows not, ceases in that to be a magistrate, and acting without authority, may be opposed, as any other man, who by force invades the right of another" (¶202, p. 125).
WHEN MAY THE GOVERNMENT BE DISSOLVED?
"People are not so easily got out of their old forms" (i.e., they won't dissolve gov't for trivial reasons) (¶223, p. 136)
"If a long train of abuses, prevarications, and artifices, all tending the same way, make the design visible to the people 'tis not to be wondered they should then rouse themselves, and endeavor to put the rule into such hands, which may secure to them the ends for which government was at first erected" (¶225, p. 138).
POLYPHEMUS'S DEN (why Locke does not advocate "passive obedience" ¶228, p. 140).
"An inferior cannot punish a superior; that is true, generally speaking, whilst he is his superior. But to resist force with force, being the state of war that levels the parties, cancels all former relation of reverence, respect, and superiority" (¶235, p. 144)