YOUR NAME ________________________          

HUMN 221 SP 2003 First Exam  Professor Celia Easton     SECTION 18 (MW 3:45)

PART 1 (60 points) Answer FIVE TOTAL of the following short answer questions.  Express yourself clearly and refer to the texts specifically by providing examples.  Write a well-developed paragraph for each answer. You must pick at least one question from each category.  Don't skip any categories.  Be sure to answer everything implied by the question.  For example, in question 2, be sure to explain what "prerogative" is before describing its advantages and dangers.


  1. How does Locke define a "State of War"?  How does he apply that term to a domestic political revolution?
  2. What are the advantages and dangers of prerogative?
  3. Explain Locke's labor theory of value.


  1. How accurate is the reasoning power of the Lilliputians?
  2. How does Swift satirize political and religious differences in Book 1 of Gulliver?
  3. Why does Swift include scatological details (details referring to excrement) in his satire?

American Documents

  1. Paraphrase Jefferson's syllogistic (deductive) argument for revolution.
  2. Why does Madison fear a majority "faction"?
  3. Explain Martineau's contention that women in the U.S. in 1837 have not consented to be governed. 

PART 2.  (40 points) LONG ESSAY.  Answer ONE of the following questions in a well-developed essay.  A well-developed essay has a point to make and draws upon examples to support that point.

  1. In what way do Locke and Jefferson epitomize the thinking of the Enlightenment, and in what way is Swift critical of the thinking of the Enlightenment?
  2. Explain how the yahoos contradict a Lockean or Jeffersonian view of human nature.

Scoring, short answers: 11-12="A range" 10="B range" 8-9= "C range" 7="D range" 6 and below=failing

long answers: 36-40="A range" 32-35="B range" 28-31="C range" 24?27="D range" 23 and below=failing